International Conference on Innovation in Open and Distance Learning

Online Pedagogy and Inclusive Learning Design

The development of technology has significantly influenced global education. United Nations (2020) stated that governments have to put education as one of the big priorities, especially in ensuring the learning continuity during the Covid-19 pandemic situation and in the new norm of post-Covid-19. In this case, online learning has become the best answer since it can give various meaningful learning experiences to students and also optimize the creating of a learner-centred environment. However, schools or any institutions who implement online learning must also understand the basic knowledge that “online” is just a learning “tool” or “way”, which doesn’t inherently mean better or worse than a conventional way of learning. The involving stakeholders must look back at what creates the unique value in conventional face-to-face classes and retain them whilst discarding ineffective activities and find ways to combine these with the possible value that might possibly be implemented in online mode. Furthermore, as online learning remains used in the new normal era, it is critical for educators and practitioners to employ best practice strategies to make this experience inclusive and welcoming for all. Giving careful consideration to students’ various learning styles and needs will help create positive experiences, even when teaching and learning from distance. In other words, there are capabilities and skills in conducting online learning that the teachers need to enhance, i.e. learning methods, instructional design, program mapping, learning material development, and online assessment and evaluation. Besides, schools must optimize the students’ services by providing various learning facilities. A successful online class will always promote diversity and inclusion and invite students to participate fully in their learning community.